The early settlers of the New World were of Norman, Breton, and Basque origins who were later joined by other Europeans.
February 14, 1663 - Canada becomes a Royal Province under Louis XIV. The Sovereign Council is created to administer the colonies under the absolute authority of the King. - Jacque
Throughout its over 400 years of existence, Quebec City has served as a capital. From 1608 to 1627 and 1632 to 1763, it was the capital of Canada and all of New France; from 1763 to 1791, it was the capital of the Province of Quebec; from 1791 to 1841, it was the capital of Lower Canada; from 1852 to 1856 and from 1859 to 1866, it was capital of the Province of Canada; and since 1867, it has been capital of the Province of Quebec.
Take part in the conversation below.
"Some people affect to call the King's Natural born subjects, new Canadians. He who chose, say they, to make Canada his place of residence lost the name of Englishman. The Old Canadians are those we conquer'd in 1760 and their descendants, the new Canadians are composed of emigrants from England, Scotland, Ireland, and the Colonies now the United States. By the Act of the 14th year of his present Majesty [Quebec Act] they are converted into Canadians, and Canadians they must ever remain. This doctrine is pleasing to the Noblesse or gentry of the Country, who will not easily get rid of French prejudices; but to cherish a predilection for everything that is french, is not, in my opinion, the most likely means to make Englishmen of the Canadians. It is held here by some of His Majesty's natural born subjects, that the natives of this Province ought, as much as is possible, to be kept unmixed and unconnected with the other Colonists, to serve as a strong barrier, between our Settlements and the United States." (Source : Hugh Finlay, letter to Evan Nepean, February 13th, 1787)