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by Vikings - Norman Descendants August 10, 2017

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The Normans brought the first Feudal system of government into England after the conquest of 1066. They were the first to be known as King of England and later King of Great Britain. The below list covers the Norman Kings of England from 1066 to the end of the Norman line with Henry IV seizing the throne from Richard II in AD1399.

  1. William I, the Conqueror from 1066 to 1087
  2. William II, Rufus from 1087 to 1100
  3. Henry I, Beauclerc from 1100 to 1135
  4. Stephen from 1135 to 1154
  5. Empress Matilda for a short time 1141
  6. Henry II, Curtmantle from 1154 to 89
  7. Richard I, the Lionheart from 1189 to 99
  8. John, Lackland from 1199 to 1216
  9. Henry III from 1216 to 72
  10. Edward I, Longshanks from 1272 to 1307
  11. Edward II from 1307 to 1327
  12. Edward III from 1327 to 1377
  13. Richard II from 1377 to 1399

In 1397 King Richard II moved against his enemies. Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester was arrested and likely murdered. Henry Bolingbroke was exiled and remained dangerous. Ignoring the dangers King Richard II went to Ireland to expand his kingdom.

While King Richard II was campaigning for the glory of England Henry Bolingbroke returned from France and seized the throne, becoming King Henry IV's from 1399 to 1413. Despite being a popular coup, many aristocrats and the populous regarded the new Lancastrian dynasty as illegitimate.

The now illegitimate King Henry Bolingbroke had King Richard II murdered in Pontefract castle in 1400. This, unfortunately, ended the Angevin Line. Future monarchs were no longer "Norman."

 

Richard being taken into custody by the Earl of Northumberland (Froissart)

Richard being taken into custody by the Earl of Northumberland (Froissart)

Vikings - Norman Descendants
Vikings - Norman Descendants

Normans were the people who gave their name to Normandy, a region in northern France. They were descended from Viking conquerors lead by Rollo of the territory and the native Merovingian culture formed from Germanic Franks and Romanised Gauls. Their identity emerged initially in the first half of the 10th century, and gradually evolved over succeeding centuries.



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