Unlike the Norman conquest of England (1066), which took a few years after one decisive battle, the conquest of southern Italy was the product of decades and a number of battles. Many territories were conquered independently, and only later were unified into a single state. Compared to the conquest of England it was unplanned and disorganized, but equally complete. Photos from left to right clockwise: Roger I of Sicily at the 1063 battle of Cerami, victorious over 35,000 Saracens; The stone castle at Melfi was constructed by the Normans were no fortress had previously stood; The Kingdom of Sicily (in green) in 1154, representing the extent of Norman conquest in Italy over several decades of activity by independent adventurers; Early Norman castle at Adrano, Italy.
Hrólfr Ásúlfr: According to the Wikipedia, it's a 19th-century phenomenon, which began after the feudalism, and the rise of both capitalism and bandits with a lack of state power and of police forces. Whether the feudalistic before that was still Norman, I don't know, but the etymology is uncertain. It seems to be from "fierce", " brave", or the Arabic word for "cave"/underground" (Sicily was under the Islamic Caliphate before it's Norman conquest).
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Author Bio: Jacques Paquin is a descendant of Nicolas Paquin (April 5, 1648 – November 26, 1708) from La Poterie-Cap-d'Antifer, Normandy. Ancestor of virtually all the Paquins in North America.