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Charter of Charles the Simple in favour of the Abbey of St-Germain-des-Prés

Origin: Abbaye de Saint-Germain-des-Prés, Paris
Date: 918


This extraordinary document is preserved in the French National Archives and is the only remaining record of Rollo agreeing to a settlement. The name "Rollon" can be found in the middle to the right of the main body of script. This royal charter dated 14 March 918 is the only document referring to Rollon and confirming the existence of the treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, signed in 911. It grants the Abbey de la Croix-Saint-Ouen (Lacroix-Saint-Ouen in the Oise) to the monks of Saint-Germain-des-Prés, at the request of the marquis de Neustrie, Herbert II de Vermandois and Abbon, bishop of Soissons. It confirms the words of the chronicler Dudon de Saint-Quentin, as the grant specifically does not include what was given “aux Normands de la Seine, c'est-à-dire à Rollon et à ses compagnons, pour la protection du royaume.” [to the Normans of the Seine, that is to Rollon and his companions, for the protection of the Kingdom]. These words show that the treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte was concluded solely on the wishes of Charles the Simple and specify its purpose: conceding land in exchange for protection from Viking raids.

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